Si clauses are a key component of Spanish because they allow you to express a potential result if some specific circumstances are met. Since if clauses are crucial for communication, this si clauses Spanish practice quiz will help you test your knowledge.
Si hace buen tiempo, __________ (ir) a la playa.
If the weather is good, we will go to the beach.
- A iremos
- B iríamos
This clause expresses a real condition. Since the outcome is likely to happen, we use the future simple.
Si ______ (tener) más tiempo, Luis haría más ejercicio.
If he had more time, Luis would exercise more.
- A tiene
- B tuviera
In this example, ‘tuviera’ is the right answer because we’re talking about a condition that is unreal in the present. But if this changed, Luis would exercise more.
Si hubieras estudiado, ______ una mejor calificación.
If you had studied, you would have gotten a better grade.
- A habrías sacado
- B sacarías
This sentence refers to a past condition that was not met (study). In this case, the conditional perfect allows you to express what would have happened if the condition had been met.
Si estudian mucho, ________ (aprobar) el examen.
If you study a lot, you’ll pass the test.
- A aprobarían
- B aprobarán
In this example, the future form “aprobarán” expresses that this result will happen in the future if the condition is met. The present indicative in the si clause conveys that this condition is real and achievable.
Si tuviera dinero, ________ (comprar) un nuevo libro.
If I had money, I would buy a new book.
- A compraría
- B hubiera comprado
In this case, the condition is not currently true. Right now, I don’t have money. But if I did, I would buy a book. So, in this case, the conditional is the correct answer.
Si _____, ustedes se van a mojar.
If it rains, you’re going to get wet.
- A llueve
- B llovería
This example delivers the logical and potential result of a condition. Since this outcome is real and achievable, the first part of the si clause must be in the present tense.
No le habría contestado si me ________.
I wouldn’t have answered him if he had called me.
- A hubiera llamado
- B llamara
In this case, the past perfect subjunctive is the correct answer since it refers to a condition that never happened. This example expresses what someone would have done if things were different. The third conditional always uses the past perfect subjunctive in the si clause.
Si pudiéramos, nosotros ______ en París.
If we could, we would live in París.
- A viveremos
- B viviríamos
This conditional sentence refers to a circumstance that is unlikely to happen in the present. ‘Viviríamos’ conveys that, given the current situation, the outcome is difficult to accomplish.
Si ____, no contestes.
If they call me, don’t answer the phone.
- A me llaman
- B hubieran llamado
The imperative expresses commands in the present tense. This is the outcome I must do if they call you, which can happen. As a result, the si clause must be completed with the present tense.
Si no ______ su teléfono, mi mamá no se habría enojado.
If you hadn’t broken her phone, mom wouldn’t have gotten mad.
- A habías roto
- B hubieras roto
This example conveys that you guys already broke your mom’s phone. This is a circumstance you cannot change. This is the third conditional. As a result, you must use the past perfect subjunctive to complete the sentence.
|Question||Answer Given||Correct Answer|
|Si hace buen tiempo, __________ (ir) a la playa.|
|Si ______ (tener) más tiempo, Luis haría más ejercicio.|
|Si hubieras estudiado, ______ una mejor calificación.|
|Si estudian mucho, ________ (aprobar) el examen.|
|Si tuviera dinero, ________ (comprar) un nuevo libro.|
|Si _____, ustedes se van a mojar.|
|No le habría contestado si me ________.|
|Si pudiéramos, nosotros ______ en París.|
|Si ____, no contestes.|
|Si no ______ su teléfono, mi mamá no se habría enojado.|
Si Clauses Spanish Practice Quiz: Instructions
You’ve been given 10 incomplete sentences. Read each example carefully and choose the appropriate verb conjugation. Pay attention to the context and the type of si clause being used. To test your understanding, some sentences are missing the first part (condition) of the structure, while others are missing the second part (outcome).
I’ve included explanations to help you understand why a particular tense is used. ¡Buena suerte!
Notes About Si Clauses in Spanish
- In Spanish, si clauses are structures used to express a condition and its potential outcome.
- A si clause has two parts: the condition (introduced by the word si) and the result. These are known as dependent and main clauses, respectively.
- Like in English, in Spanish, si clauses express hypothetical situations.
- Depending on the likelihood of achieving a condition, these sentences are classified into:
- First conditional (likely)
- Second conditional (unlikely)
- Third conditional (impossible)
- With the first conditional, the conditions are achievable, therefore, the result is highly likely to happen.
- The second conditional in Spanish refers to outcomes that are unlikely to happen and the hypothetical result if they did.
- The third conditional is used for past conditions that were not fulfilled. It refers to regrets and past unfulfilled wishes.
- Depending on what you want to express, si clauses are combined with the following tenses:
- Imperfect subjunctive
- Past perfect subjunctive
- The outcome is expressed with:
- Present or future
- Conditional or past perfect subjunctive