Chocar in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses


In this short guide, we will cover the following topics for ‘chocar’ in Spanish:

  1. What does ‘Chocar’ mean?
  2. How to Conjugate ‘Chocar’?
  3. How to Use ‘Chocar’ in Spanish
  4. Synonyms of ‘Chocar’ in Spanish

What does ‘Chocar’ mean?

In Spanish, ‘chocar’ means ‘to crash’ or ‘to collide’. As a result, this verb is mostly used to talk about accidents that involve a collision or to express that a person bumped into someone. In informal situations, it can be used to describe someone’s dislikes. In this case, it can be translated as ‘to be at odds’ or ‘to hate’.

  1. When talking about a collision, ‘chocar’ means ‘to crash’, ‘to bump into’ or ‘to collide’.
  2. If referring to people, ‘chocar’ can be translated as ‘to be at odds’ or ‘to disagree’.
  3. To indicate that a person dislikes something or someone, ‘chocar’ means ‘to hate’ or ‘to annoy’.

How to Conjugate ‘Chocar’

In Spanish, ‘chocar’ is an irregular verb. This is due to some irregularities in the spelling that are made to keep the pronunciation consistent. So with this verb, the stem will change from ‘choc’ to ‘choqu’ when it’s immediately followed by an ‘e’.

graphic explaining chocar stem changes in spanish

Indicative

Present tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChocoI crash
ChocasYou crash
Él / Ella / UstedChocaHe/She crash
NosotrosChocamosWe crash
VosotrosChocáisYou crash
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocanThey/You crash

Preterite tense conjugation

Notice that the preterite ending for ‘yo’ starts with an ‘e’. So to keep the pronunciation consistent, this subject will be conjugated with the stem choqu.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChoquéI crashed
ChocasteYou crashed
Él / Ella / UstedChocóHe/She crashed
NosotrosChocamosWe crashed
VosotrosChocasteisYou crashed
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocaronThey/You crashed

Imperfect tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChocabaI crashed
ChocabasYou crashed
Él / Ella / UstedChocabaHe/She crashed
NosotrosChocábamosWe crashed
VosotrosChocabaisYou crashed
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocabanThey/You crashed

Future tense conjugation

When conjugating ‘chocar’ to the future tense, you just need to add the corresponding endings to the infinitive verb.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChocaréI will crash
ChocarásYou will crash
Él / Ella / UstedChocaráHe/She will crash
NosotrosChocaremosWe will crash
VosotrosChocaréisYou will crash
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocaránThey/You will crash

Conditional tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChocaríaI would crash
ChocaríasYou would crash
Él / Ella / UstedChocaríaHe/She would crash
NosotrosChocaríamosWe would crash
VosotrosChocaríaisYou would crash
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocaríanThey/You would crash

Progressive Tenses

graphic showing how to conjugate chocar to spanish progressive tenses

El piloto de pruebas estuvo chocando toda la temporada. 
The test driver was crashing all season. 

Perfect Tenses

graphic showing how to conjugate chocar in perfect tenses in spanish

Es muy buena conductora, nunca ha chocado.
She is a very good driver, she has never crashed.

Escuché un ruido muy fuerte y pensé que habían chocado.
I heard a loud noise and thought they had crashed.

Chocar Subjunctive Conjugations

Present subjunctive conjugation

Since all the present subjunctive endings start with an ‘e’, all the subjects will be conjugated with the stem choqu.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChoqueTo crash
ChoquesTo crash
Él / Ella / UstedChoqueTo crash
NosotrosChoquemosTo crash
VosotrosChoqueisTo crash
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChoquenTo crash

Imperfect subjunctive conjugations

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoChocara / ChocaseI crashed
Chocaras / ChocasesYou crashed
Él / Ella / UstedChocara / ChocaseHe/She crashed
NosotrosChocáramos / ChocásemosWe crashed
VosotrosChocara / ChocaseYou crashed
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasChocara / ChocaseThey/You crashed

Perfect subjunctive 

graphic explaining how to conjugate chocar to subjunctive present tenses in spanish

No puedo creer que hayas chocado mi auto.
I can’t believe you crashed my car.

Si no hubieras chocado, no tendríamos que pagar los gastos.
If you had not crashed, we would not have to pay the expenses.

Imperative

Imperative conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
ChocaCrash
NosotrosChoquemosLet’s crash
VosotrosChocadCrash
UstedesChoquenCrash

Take Note: To conjugate to the negative imperative you’ll need to follow the present subjunctive conjugation, so, the stem for all subjects will be choqu.

No + [‘chocar’ in present subjunctive] + [complement]

Cuidado, no choquen con las personas.
Careful, don’t bump into people.

How to Use ‘Chocar’ in Spanish with Examples

There are three main ways to use the verb ‘chocar’ in Spanish:

  1. To talk about crashes or collisions
  2. Expressing disagreements
  3. Expressing dislikes

In the sections below, you’ll find more in-depth explanations, accompanied by examples and phrase structures to help you understand how and when to use ‘chocar’.

To talk about crashes or collisions

‘Chocar’ often refers to two objects or people hitting each other, usually by accident. As a result, the most common translation of ‘chocar’ is ‘to crash’ or ‘to collide’. However, when talking about less violent or strong contacts, it can also be translated as ‘to bump into’.

(Noun) + [‘chocar’ conjugated] + [preposition] + [article] + [noun]

Alfredo chocó en avenida Juárez.
Alfredo crashed on Juárez avenue.

Choqué con el maestro en el pasillo.
I bumped into the teacher in the hall.

Una persona en estado de ebriedad chocó contra un autobús.
A drunk person collided with a bus.

Take Note: Chócalas is an informal idiom that refers to the gesture of celebration of slapping each other’s palms. It can be translated as ‘give me a high-five’

Expressing disagreements

In other contexts, ‘chocar’ is used in a figurative sense to talk about incompatibility and conflicts between people’s ideas and personalities. With this meaning, ‘chocar’ can be translated as ‘to be at odds’, ‘to clash’ or ‘to disagree’.

[Noun] + y + [noun] + [‘chocar’ conjugated] + [complement]

Susan y yo chocamos mucho.
Susan and I disagree a lot.

Luis y Joshua chocaron desde que se conocieron.
Luis and Joshua were at odds since they met.

No me gusta esta clase porque mis compañeros y yo chocamos constantemente.
I don’t like this class because my classmates and I constantly clash.

Expressing dislikes

In conversational Spanish, ‘chocar’ can also be used to express dislike about something or someone in a more forward way. In this case, it can be translated as ‘to dislike’ or ‘to hate’. Although ‘hate’ is a strong word, this translation refers to a high degree of annoyance rather than actual hate. 

Notice that when using ‘chocar’ in this way, the conjugation is very similar to ‘gustar’. In other words, you’ll conjugate this verb based on the object that you or someone else dislikes.

[Indirect object pronoun] + [‘chocar’ conjugated] + [complement]

Me choca la lluvia.
I hate the rain.

A Fernanda le choca la navidad.
Fernanda hates Christmas.

La neta, nos choca tu novia, es muy grosera. 
To be honest, we hate your girlfriend, she’s very rude. 

Antes me chocaba tener clases en la mañana.
Before, I hated having classes in the morning.

Here’s another common structure for this use. Notice that this structure is used to express dislike for someone’s actions

[Indirect object pronoun] + [‘chocar’ conjugated] + que + [complement]

Nos choca que nos trates como niños.
We hate that you treat us like children.

Me choca que no me hagas caso.
I hate that you don’t listen to me.

A Rosa le choca que siempre llegas tarde.
Rosa hates that you’re always late.

Take Note: When talking about the dislikes of other people, the preposition ‘a’ allows you to introduce the person that you’re referring to. Notice that the preposition is always placed before the person that you’re talking about. 

Synonyms of ‘Chocar’ in Spanish

Estrellarse is a verb that describes something or someone hitting a surface or obstacle violently. It can be translated as ‘to crash’.

Encontrarse means ‘bump into’, ‘to run into’ or ‘to come across’. ‘Encontrarse’ is a standard term that can be used to describe random meetings with people. 

Molestar is a verb used to describe the action of disturbing someone’s tranquility. It can be translated as ‘to bother’.

Odiar means ‘to hate’. As a standard term, this verb can be used to talk about things that people dislike. 

Caer mal is an informal expression and it is used to talk about people that you dislike. It means ‘to rub someone the wrong way’ or ‘to dislike’. 

Related Resources:
I Like You in Spanish: Me gustas vs Me caes bien

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I’ve taught Spanish in Mexico to a wide array of foreigners. From students and tourists to doctors and soldiers who’ve moved and visited here over the years. During the day I’m a freelancer and marketer, while at night I’m here writing for students of the world wide web looking to learn Spanish. I hope you find what you’re looking here during your journey into Español 🙂 Read More About Me

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