Detener in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses


In this short guide, we will cover the following topics for ‘Detener’ in Spanish:

  1. What does ‘Detener’ mean?
  2. ‘Detener’ Conjugations
  3. How to Use ‘Detener’ in Spanish
  4. Expressions & Idioms with ‘Detener’
  5. Synonyms of ‘Detener’ in Spanish

What does ‘Detener’ mean?

Definition – ‘Detener’ is the direct translation of ‘to stop’ or ‘to detain’. As a result, it is used to express that a person has interrupted an activity or stopped someone. In other contexts, ‘detener’ is also used to talk about detaining someone. 

Below are some examples of the different translations that ‘detener’ can have in Spanish. 

  1. When talking about stopping an action, movement or someone, it is translated as ‘to stop’ or ‘to cease’. 
  2. If describing that a person was arrested or detained, ‘detener’ means ‘to apprehend’, ‘to arrest’ or ‘to detain’. 

‘Detener’ Conjugations 

In Spanish, ‘detener’ has some irregularities depending on the person and the tense that you’re conjugating it to. Also, with certain meanings, ‘detener’ is a pronominal verb which means that you’ll need to include either an object or reflexive pronoun.

graphich showing detener stem changes in spanish

Take Note: If you notice, ‘detener’ is formed with the prefix ‘de’ and the verb ‘tener’. This means that ‘tener’ and ‘detener’ share the same conjugation. 

Indicative

Present tense conjugation

In the present tense, ‘detener’ uses three stems:  

  • The irregular stem detien for the 2nd person singular and 3rd person singular and plural. 
  • Deteng’ is only used for the 1st person singular (yo).
  •  ‘Nosotros’ and ‘vosotros’ will be working with deten’. 

Below, I’ve underlined the endings that you need to add to these stems. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodetengoI stop
detienesYou stop
Él / Ella / UsteddetieneHe/She stops
NosotrosdetenemosWe stop
VosotrosdetenéisYou stop
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdetienenThey/You stop

Preterite tense conjugation

‘Detener’ in the preterite tense is an irregular verb. To conjugate to this tense, you’ll need to use the stem detuv’. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodetuveI stopped
detuvisteYou stopped
Él / Ella / UsteddetuvoHe/She stopped
NosotrosdetuvimosWe stopped
VosotrosdetuvisteisYou stopped
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdetuvieronThey/You stopped

Imperfect tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodeteníaI stopped
deteníasYou stopped
Él / Ella / UsteddeteníaHe/She stopped
NosotrosdeteníamosWe stopped
VosotrosdeteníaisYou stopped
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdeteníanThey/You stopped

Future tense conjugation

‘Detener’ is irregular in the future tense, too. Notice that, in this case, you need to add the future endings to the irregular stem detendr’. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodetendréI will stop
detendrásYou will stop
Él / Ella / UsteddetendráHe/She will stop
NosotrosdetendremosWe will stop
VosotrosdentendréisYou will stop
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdetendránThey/You will stop

Conditional tense conjugation 

In the conditional tense, ‘detener’ is conjugated with the irregular stem ‘detendr’. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodetendríaI would stop
detendríasYou would stop
Él / Ella / UsteddetendríaHe/She would stop
NosotrosdetendríamosWe would stop
VosotrosdetendríaisYou would stop
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdetendríanThey/You would stop

Progressive Tenses

graphic showing how to conjugate detener in progressive tenses in spanish

Ten cuidado, los carros se están deteniendo. 
Be careful, the cars are stopping. 

Perfect Tenses

conjugation chart showing how to conjugate detener in perfect tenses in spanish

Hemos detenido la película para ir a la tienda. 
We have stopped the movie to go to the store. 

Creí que la policía había detenido al ladrón. 
I thought that the police had detained the thief.  

Detener Subjunctive Conjugations

Present subjunctive conjugation 

As an irregular verb, to conjugate ‘detener’ to the present subjunctive, you’ll use the ‘deteng’ for all the subjects. Remember that these spelling changes in the stem are done to keep the pronunciation consistent. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YodetengaTo stop
detengasTo stop
Él / Ella / UsteddetengaTo stop
NosotrosdetengamosTo stop
VosotrosdetengáisTo stop
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasdetenganTo stop

Imperfect subjunctive conjugations

To conjugate to the imperfect subjunctive, ‘detener’ uses the same stem that you used in the preterite tense. So, for this conjugation, you’ll use again the stem detuv.

PersonConjugationTranslation
Yodetuviera / detuvieseI stopped
detuvieras / detuviesesYou stopped
Él / Ella / Usteddetuviera / detuvieseHe/She stopped
Nosotrosdetuviéramos / detuviésemosWe stopped
Vosotrosdetuvierais / detuvieseisYou stopped
Ustedes / Ellos / Ellasdetuvieran / detuviesenThey/You stopped

Perfect subjunctive

conjugation chart showing how to conjugate detener in subjunctive perfect in spanish

Si te hubieras detenido, no habríamos chocado. 
If you had stopped, we wouldn’t have crashed. 

Espero que hayan detenido al culpable. 
I hope that they have arrested the culprit.

Imperative

Imperative conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
deténStop
NosotrosdetengamosLet’s stop
VosotrosdetenedStop
UstedesdetenganStop

[‘Detener’ conjugated in imperative] + a + [noun] 

¡Detengan a ese tipo, me asaltó!
Stop that guy, he assaulted me!

Deténganse, no pueden cruzar esa línea.
Stop, you can’t cross that line.

Keep in mind that negative commands are conjugated by following the present subjunctive conjugation and adding the word No to the sentence. 

No + [‘detenerse’ present subjunctive] + [complement]

No te detengas a mitad de la calle, puedes ocasionar un accidente.
Do not stop in the middle of the road, you may cause an accident.

Por favor, no lo detenga, es inocente. 
Please, don’t arrest him, he’s innocent. 

How to Use ‘Detener’ in Spanish with Examples

‘Detener’ in Spanish is used in two main ways:

  1. Talking about stopping something or someone
  2. Talking about arresting someone

In the sections below, you’ll find different examples that will help you understand how to use ‘detener’ in each context. 

Talking about stopping something or someone

Since it’s the direct translation of ‘to stop’ or ‘to cease’, in Spanish, ‘detener’ is used to express that a person interrupted an action or stopped someone from doing something. Here are some examples of how to apply this meaning.  

[‘Detener’ conjugated] + [noun] + [complement]

Detendremos el proyecto por falta de tiempo.
We will stop the project due to a lack of time.

¡Detén el auto! ¡Vamos a chocar!
Stop the car! We’re going to crash!

Ayer detuvimos a Luke para preguntarle la tarea. 
Yesterday we stopped Luke to ask him for the homework. 

You can also use ‘detener’ to talk about the actions that you stopped on your own or that someone else forced you to stop. Notice that, depending on who you’re referring to, you’ll need to use a direct object or a reflexive pronoun. 

[Direct or reflexive pronoun] + [‘detener’ conjugated] + [complement]

Nos detuvimos 10 minutos en la gasolinera.
We stopped for 10 minutes at the gas station.

Me detuve porque empezó a llover.
I stopped because it started to rain.

Nos detuvieron porque no teníamos puesto el cinturón de seguridad.
We were stopped because we were not wearing our seat belts.

La detuvieron porque no tenía licencia de conducir.
They stopped her because she didn’t have her driver’s license.

Talking about arresting someone

Given that ‘detener’ is also the direct translation of ‘to detain’, ‘to arrest’ or ‘to apprehend’, this verb is also used to describe that the police or a law enforcement officer detained a person that might have committed a crime. 

[‘Detener’ conjugated] + a + [subject] +  [complement]

Detuvieron a 2 personas por robo de autos.
Two people were arrested for car theft.

En unos días detendremos a los asaltantes. 
In a few days, we will apprehend the thieves. 

Los policías detuvieron al presunto culpable de haber atropellado al ciclista.
Police officers detained the culprit they believed had run over the cyclist.

Detener Expressions & Idioms

Here are some idiomatic expressions with ‘detener’ that can help you communicate your ideas better. 

Detener el tiempo: It expresses that, for some reason, time passes so slowly that it seems that it stopped. It can be translated as ‘time stands still’ or ‘to stop time’.

Detenerse a pensar: We can use this verb to express that someone needs to take some time to think about the actions he or she is going to perform. It can be translated as ‘to take some time’, ‘to stop and think’.

Synonyms of ‘Detener’ in Spanish

Parar(se): This is another verb that is used to express that someone or something has been stopped. It also means ‘to stop’.

Cesar: This is the direct translation of ‘to cease’. It means that something has come to an end or that someone stopped doing an activity.

Interrumpir: This verb means to prevent someone from continuing what they were doing or stopping something from functioning. Its translation is ‘to interrupt’.

Arrestar: When talking about apprehending or detaining someone, this verb is the direct translation of ‘to arrest’ and can be used instead of ‘detener’.

Aprehender: This verb means to arrest a person who has committed a crime. In this context, we can use it instead of ‘detener’ and is translated as ‘to apprehend’.

Related Resource:
How to Say ‘Stop’ in Spanish: Parar, Detener or Alto?

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I’ve taught Spanish in Mexico to a wide array of foreigners. From students and tourists to doctors and soldiers who’ve moved and visited here over the years. During the day I’m a freelancer and marketer, while at night I’m here writing for students of the world wide web looking to learn Spanish. I hope you find what you’re looking here during your journey into Español 🙂 Read More About Me

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