Body Parts in Spanish: Beginner & Advanced Words 

Cover image body parts in Spanis

Whether you are an advanced or beginner learner, knowing the different body parts in Spanish can help you describe yourself and explain physical discomfort, among other useful applications. 

So, in this guide, you’ll find: 

In addition to real-life examples, I’ll also provide you with audio so you can check the pronunciation of these words. 

List of Body Parts in Spanish

Below is a list of terms for parts of the body in Spanish. These words have been classified into beginner and advanced levels. 

As a quick reminder, here are some of the most common Spanish verbs used to talk about body parts: 

  • Doler: To hurt
  • Estirar: To stretch 
  • Lastimar: To hurt
  • Rascar: To scratch
  • Quebrar / Romper: To break
  • Sonarse: Blow your nose
  • Tocar: To touch
  • Tener: To have

In the sections below, you’ll see more examples of these verbs. 

Take Note: Although they share the same translation, doler and lastimar have slightly different functions in Spanish. The verb doler (works like ‘gustar’) describes aches and pains, whereas lastimar refers to injuries.  

Basic body parts

Here is a list of common body parts you must know:

  • Axila: Armpit 
  • Barbilla: Chin
  • Boca: Mouth
  • Brazo: Arm
  • Cabeza: Head
  • Cabello: Hair
  • Cejas: Eyebrows
  • Cintura: Waist
  • Codo: Elbow
  • Cuello: Neck
  • Dedo: Finger / Toe
  • Diente: Tooth
  • Espalda: Back
  • Estómago: Stomach 
  • Frente: Forehead
  • Garganta: Throat 
  • Hombro: Shoulder
  • Labio: Lip
  • Lengua: Tongue
  • Mano: Hand
  • Mejilla: Cheek 
  • Muñeca: Wrist
  • Nariz: Nose
  • Ojo: Eye
  • Ombligo: Belly button
  • Oreja: Ear
  • Pantorrilla: Calf
  • Pecho: Chest
  • Pesteñas: Eyelids 
  • Pie: Foot
  • Pierna: Leg
  • Rodilla: Knee
  • Talón: Heel
  • Tobillo: Ankle 
  • Uña: Nail

Tip: ‘Frente’, ‘mano’, and ‘nariz’ are feminine words in Spanish

Check these sentences: 

Mi papá se lastimó la espalda.
My dad hurt his back.

Sus ojos son azules. 
Her eyes are blue. 

Emma tiene unas pestañas muy largas. 
Emma has such long eyelashes

A nosotros nos duele mucho la cabeza
Our head hurts a lot. 

Charlie tiene una cicatriz en el pecho
Charlie has a scar on his chest.

Graphic listing the most important parts of the body in Spanish

Take Note: In Spanish, we use more specific terms when talking about animal body parts. Some examples of these terms include cola (tail), pata (leg) and hocico (snout). 

Advanced Spanish body parts

If you’re ready to level up your vocabulary, the following list contains more advanced terms for external and internal Spanish body parts: 

  • Antebrazo: Forearm 
  • Bazo: Spleen
  • Cadera: Hip
  • Cerebro: Brain
  • Columna: Spine / Backbone
  • Corazón: Heart
  • Costilla: Rib
  • Cráneo: Skull
  • Clavícula: Collarbone
  • Encía: Gum
  • Espinilla: Shin
  • Hígado: Liver
  • Hueso: Bone
  • Ingle: Groin
  • Intestino: Bowels
  • Lóbulo: Earlobe
  • Mándibula: Jaw
  • Músculo: Muscle 
  • Muslo: Thigh
  • Nudillo: Knuckle 
  • Nuca: Back of the neck
  • Paladar: Palate
  • Párpado: Eyelid
  • Planta del pie: Sole
  • Pómulo: Cheekbone
  • Pulmón: Lung 
  • Púpila: Pupil 
  • Riñón: Kidney 
  • Sien: Temple
  • Vejiga: Bladder 
  • Vena: Vein

Here are some sentences: 

Betty se lastimó las encías
Betty hurt her gums

Nunca me he quebrado un hueso
I have never broken a bone.

Miriam está enferma del corazón
Miriam has heart disease. 

Ellas quieren tonificar sus músculos
They want to tone their muscles. 

Body Parts & Spanish Definite Articles

To sound more natural, there is a small grammar rule that you must keep in mind when using these terms. 

Unlike English, in Spanish, we rarely use possessive adjectives when talking about body parts. With this set of words, we use definite articles (el, los, la, las) to express possession. Check these sentences: 


Me doblé mi tobillo.
I twisted my ankle

Cynthia se cortó su cabello
Cynthia cut her hair. 


Me doblé el tobillo
I twisted my ankle.  

Cynthia se cortó el cabello.
Cynthia cut her hair.  

In Spanish, using possessives with body parts can be overly-repetitive. The verb conjugation, pronouns, and context are enough to indicate who that body part belongs to. 

However, you must use a possessive adjective when: 

  • Using the verb ser to describe body parts 
  • It’s unclear who you’re talking about

Mi cara es redonda.
My face is round.

¿De qué color son tus ojos?
What color are your eyes?

Brian cayó rendido a sus pies.
Brian fell head over heels for her.

Bonus: Spanish Idioms with Body Parts

The following idiomatic expressions with body parts not only are great to practice these terms, but will also help you sound more natural: 

  • Costar un ojo de la cara: To cost an arm and a leg
  • Dar la cara: Face the consequences 
  • Dar la espalda: Turn your back on
  • Echar una mano: Give a hand
  • Estar hasta las narices / la coronilla: To be fed up
  • Hacer oídos sordos: Turn a blind eye
  • Meter la pata: Put your foot in it
  • No chuparse el dedo: Not be born yesterday
  • No tener pelos en la lengua: Not mince your words
  • No tener ni pies ni cabeza: To make no sense
  • Poner el dedo en la llaga: To hit a raw nerve
  • Quedarse de brazos cruzados: To sit back and do nothing
  • Ser uña y mugre: Be joined at the hip
  • Tener el corazón en un puño: Have your heart in your mouth
  • Tener entre ceja y ceja: Have it in it for
  • Tomar el pelo: Play for a fool
  • Traer algo entre manos: To be up to something
Graphic listing some common idioms with body parts in Spanish

Spanish Body Parts Additional Resources

If you’re serious about your Spanish, here are some additional resources to help you master this topic and improve your command of the language. 

First, get familiar with the rules to form plural words in Spanish so you can use these terms correctly. Definite articles not only work with body parts, but also with different types of nouns. So, make sure you understand the rules to use these words.  

To increase your vocabulary, check this list of basic nouns you must know. 

Download the Body Parts in Spanish PDF

Memorizing all of the Spanish words for body parts can take a while. Feel free to download a copy of the PDF for this guide with a complete list of body parts in Spanish along with a visual graphic breakdown you can use to study and add more words to your vocabulary.

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I've been studying Spanish professionally as well as teaching it in Mexico and online for over 10 years. I’ve taught Spanish to a wide array of foreigners from many backgrounds. Over the years, I've made it my mission to work hard on refining many challenging to understand grammar topics to make my students' learning experiences easier, faster and more enjoyable. Read More About Me

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