Asistir in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses


In this short guide, we will cover the following topics for ‘asistir’ in Spanish:

  1. What does ‘Asistir’ mean?
  2. ‘Asistir’ Conjugations
  3. How to Use ‘Asistir’ in Spanish
  4. Synonyms of ‘Asistir’ in Spanish

What does ‘Asistir’ mean?

Definition – ‘Asistir’ means to be present or to attend a certain event or place as a spectator, guest, or participant. It is also used as a way to express that a person is providing help or aid to someone else. ‘Asistir’ is more commonly translated as ‘to assist’ or ‘to attend’.

Here are some definitions that will show you in which situations you can use ‘asistir’ in Spanish. 

  1. When saying that someone attended a place or event, ‘atender’ is translated as ‘to assist’ or ‘to attend’.
  2. If saying that someone is serving, helping or taking care of someone or something, ‘atender’ means ‘to assist’, ‘to help’, or ‘to aid’.

‘Asistir’ Conjugations 

In Spanish, ‘asistir’ is a regular verb. So, to conjugate most tenses, you’ll eliminate the -IR ending from the infinitive and use the stem ‘asist. In the conjugations charts below, you’ll find the proper endings for each tense and subject. 

Indicative

Present tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistoI assist
asistesYou assist
Él / Ella / UstedasisteHe/She assists
NosotrosasistimosWe assist
VosotrosasistísYou assist
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistenThey/You assist

Preterite tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistíI assisted
asististeYou assisted
Él / Ella / UstedasistHe/She assisted
NosotrosasistimosWe assisted
VosotrosasististeisYou assisted
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistieronThey/You assisted

Imperfect tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistíaI assisted
asistíasYou assisted
Él / Ella / UstedasistíaHe/She assisted
NosotrosasistíamosWe assisted
VosotrosasistíaisYou assisted
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistíanThey/You assisted

Future tense conjugation

The future and conditional tenses, use the infinitive form ‘asistir’ and, then, depending on the subject that you want to conjugate, add the corresponding endings.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistiréI will assist
asistirásYou I will assist
Él / Ella / UstedasistiráHe/She I will assist
NosotrosasistiremosWe I will assist
VosotrosasistiréisYou I will assist
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistiránThey/You I will assist

Conditional tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistiríaI would assist
asistiríasYou would assist
Él / Ella / UstedasistiríaHe/She would assist
NosotrosasistiríamosWe would assist
VosotrosasistiríaisYou would assist
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistiríanThey/You would assist

Progressive Tenses

Andrea y yo estamos asistiendo a la escuela en la tarde.
Andrea and I are attending school in the afternoon.

Mi vecina estará asistiendo en el hospital esta semana.
This week, my neighbor will be helping in the hospital.

Perfect Tenses

Karla no ha asistido a clases durante dos semanas.
Karla hasn’t attended classes for two weeks.

Si vas a este partido, habrás asistido a todos los partidos del mes.
If you go to this game, you’ll have attended all the games for this month.

Asistir Subjunctive Conjugations

Present subjunctive conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoasistaTo assist
asistasTo assist
Él / Ella / UstedasistaTo assist
NosotrosasistamosTo assist
VosotrosasistáisTo assist
Ustedes / Ellos / EllasasistanTo assist

Imperfect subjunctive conjugations

PersonConjugationTranslation
Yoasistiera / asistieseI assisted
asistieras / asistiesesYou assisted
Él / Ella / Ustedasistiera / asistiese He/She assisted
Nosotrosasistiéramos / asistiésemosWe assisted
Vosotrosasistierais / asistieseisYou assisted
Ustedes / Ellos / Ellasasistieran /asistiesenThey/You assisted

Perfect subjunctive

Hubiera sido mejor que no hubiéramos asistido a la boda de Mayra.
It would’ve been better if we had gone to Mayra’s wedding.

Imperative

Imperative conjugation

Notice that, in order to create the Spanish imperative, uses the present tense conjugation and simply removes the ‘s’ from the end of the word. For the rest of the subjects, I’ve underlined the imperative endings for ‘-IR’ verbs.  

PersonConjugationTranslation
asisteAssist
NosotrosasistamosLet’s assist
VosotrosasistidAssist
UstedesasistanAssist

Here is an example of how to build the negative imperative:

No + [verb conjugated in present subjunctive] + [complement] 

No asistas a ese evento, puede ser peligroso durante la pandemia.
Do not attend this event, it can be dangerous during the pandemic.

How to Use ‘Asistir’ in Spanish with Examples

There are two main uses of the verb ‘asistir’ in Spanish:

  1. To say that someone is present in a place or event
  2. To help or take care of someone

Below are some examples that will help you understand the structure of the sentences built with the verb asistir. I’ll also provide you with phrase structures so you know how you can apply each meaning to your conversations.

To say that someone is present in a place or event

In Spanish, the verb ‘asistir’ is used when we are talking about someone attending or being present in a place or event. As a result, in this context, ‘asistir’ is translated as ‘to attend’ or ‘to go to’. 

[Asistir conjugated] + a  + [article definite] + [activity or event]

Chicos, ¿quién asistirá al evento de esta trade?
Boys, who is going to go to this afternoon’s event?

Raúl no asistió al cumpleaños de su cuñado.
Raul did not attend his brother-in-law’s birthday party.

No asistimos a la boda de Sergio porque estuvimos fuera de la ciudad.
We did not attend Sergio’s wedding because we were out of town.

Asistiría a la fiesta, pero estoy enfermo.
I would attend the party, but I am sick.

To help or take care of someone

Depending on the context and structure of the sentence, ‘asistir’ in Spanish is also used to describe that a person is helping someone or with something. It can also mean ‘to aid’, ‘to help’, or ‘to take care of’ someone or a situation. 

Notice that in this situation you may need to use some object pronouns. 

 [Object pronoun] + [preposition] + [asistir conjugated]

Señorita, ¿necesita que la asista con su aplicación?
Miss, do you need me to assist you with your application?

Después de la cirugía necesitarás a alguien que te asista
After surgery you will need someone to assist you

Dos médicos le asistieron en el parto
Two physicians assisted her in delivery.

Tres estudiantes asistieron al químico durante la presentación
Three students assisted the chemist during the presentation

Take Note: This verb is also used in sports or card games. In the first one, when talking about football (soccer), basketball or hockey, it means to send a pass for a score. If talking about certain card games, it means to lay cards of the same suit as that of the card played first.

Cavani asistió a Luis Suárez para marcar el segundo gol de Uruguay.
Cavani assisted Luis Suárez to score Uruguay’s second goal.

Synonyms of ‘Asistir’ in Spanish

Acudir: This verb is used if a person goes to a place on his or her own initiative or because he or she has been called. It is translated as ‘to go’ or ‘to attend’.

Presentarse: If we want to say that someone showed up to a place, we can use this verb instead of ‘asistir’. It is translated as ‘to be present’, ‘to appear’ or ‘to show up’.

Ir: Translated as ‘to go’, ‘ir’ is an informal way to say that someone will attend a certain place or event. 

Ayudar: ayudar describes that someone offers to provide help or a service to help others. As a result, it can be a synonym of ‘asistir’. ‘Ayudar is the direct translation of ‘to help’.
Atender: when talking about helping someone or looking after someone or something, this verb can be used instead of ‘asistir’. It is translated as ‘to attend to’ ‘to take care of’.

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I’ve taught Spanish in Mexico to a wide array of foreigners. From students and tourists to doctors and soldiers who’ve moved and visited here over the years. During the day I’m a freelancer and marketer, while at night I’m here writing for students of the world wide web looking to learn Spanish. I hope you find what you’re looking here during your journey into Español 🙂 Read More About Me

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