No matter what I do, I can never think about good conversation topics when talking to new people. And what do I do? I use the oldest strategy in the book: I talk about the weather 😌! Whether you relate or not, being able to ask or talk about the weather in Spanish is something that you definitely need to know if you want to become fluent in Spanish.
Let’s forget for a moment about my poor social skills. If you think about it, the weather is one of those topics that people constantly use on a daily basis. For that reason, in this guide, we’ll go over the following topics:
- Different ways to ask about the weather
- Describing the weather
- Weather expressions and vocabulary
- How to talk about the weather in different tenses
- Key points
By the end of this, you’ll master the weather in Spanish 😉
Asking About the Weather in Spanish
In Spanish, there are different questions that you can use to ask about the weather. As you may imagine, using these structures depends on the information that you want to obtain. Below are some examples, descriptions and formulas that you can use for this purpose.
1. ¿Cómo es el clima en…?
Although this is a very common question, we only use ‘¿cómo es el clima…?’ when we’re asking for a general description of how the weather usually is in a certain place or period of time. Check these examples:
¿Cómo [‘ser’ conjugated] + el clima + [en] + [noun]?
Jake, ¿cómo es el clima en Inglaterra?
Jake, how is the weather in England?
Oigan, chicas, en Alemania, ¿cómo es el clima en verano?
Hey, girls, how is the weather in Germany during summer?
¿Cómo crees que será el clima en doscientos años?
How do you think the weather will be in two hundred years?
In Spanish, we use hace to ask about a specific weather condition. Even though ‘hace’ is a very popular term when talking about the weather in Spanish, keep in mind that this term only works with certain words.
¿Hace + (adjective] + [noun] + [complement]?
¿Hace mucho frío en tu país?
Is it very cold in your country?
¿Crees que mañana hará calor otra vez?
Do you think tomorrow will be hot again?
Papá, cuando fuiste a Francia, ¿hacía frío o calor?
Dad, when you went to France, was it cold or warm?
3. ¿Cómo está el clima en…?
If you want to know how the weather is at a specific moment, you can use the question ¿cómo está el clima? As a variation, you can also use the question ¿qué tal está el clima? Check these examples below:
¿Cómo [‘estar’ conjugated] + el clima + (en) + (noun)?
Betty, fuiste a la playa, ¿verdad? ¿Cómo estuvo el clima?
Betty, you went to the beach, right? How was the weather?
¿Qué tal ha estado el clima en Cancún?
How has the weather been in Cancun?
Matt, ¿cómo estará el clima en los próximos días?
Matt, how will the weather be on the following days?
Notice that by using estar I’m actually asking about the weather at a specific moment. In simple words, with this question, I don’t want to know how the weather usually is at the beach. I just want to know how it was when Betty was there.
5 Ways to Explain Describe the Weather in Spanish
When it comes to this topic, at some point you also need to be able to talk about or describe the weather in Spanish. In the sections below, I’ll show you the 5 most common ways to do this. Make sure you read the descriptions so you choose the best structure for your situation.
Using ‘hace’ to describe the weather
As you may already know, hace is one of the most common words that we use to talk about the weather in Spanish. However, we only use this verb with certain nouns that allow us to explain the weather conditions that we’re experiencing. These words include:
- Sol – Sunny
- Calor – Hot
- Viento / Aire – Wind
- Frío – Cold
- Fresco – Fresh
Here is the phrase structure that you can use with this verb. Notice that you can use adjectives to provide a more accurate description.
Hace + (adjective) + [noun]
En otoño, ya no hace tanto calor.
In autumn, it’s not that hot anymore.
¿Hace frío en Washington?
Is it cold in Washington?
Cuando era niña, no hacía tanto calor.
When I was little, it wasn’t this hot.
Ayer hizo muchísimo sol.
Yesterday, it was very sunny.
Take Note: Hace comes from the verb ‘hacer’. When talking about the weather, we always use the third-person singular conjugation. Aside from this rule, you can conjugate hace to any tense that you need 😉
Using ‘ser’ to describe the weather
In Spanish, ser is used to talk about the characteristics of something or someone. As a result, we use this verb to describe how the weather typically is in a certain place or during a particular period of time.
To put it in simple terms, if I wanted to give you a general description of what you expect about the weather in Mexico, I’ll use ‘ser’.
[Noun] + [‘ser’ conjugated] + (adv) + [adjective]
En México, el verano es muy caluroso.
In Mexico, the summer is very hot.
El clima es muy agradable en otoño.
The weather is very nice in autumn.
En Canadá, el invierno es bastante frío.
In Canada, the winter is quite cold.
Take Note: When it comes to describing people or things, the verb ‘ser’ can only be used to talk about permanent traits such as physical features or personality.
Using ‘hay’ to talk about weather conditions
Although you may not be aware of it, hay is another term that you can use to describe the weather in Spanish. Since its core function is to talk about the existence of something, we use ‘hay’ to talk about the weather phenomena that appear on a certain day. As usual, this word is translated as ‘there is’ or ‘there are’.
Hay + (adj / article) + [noun]
Hoy hay mucha niebla.
Today, there is a lot of fog.
Hay una tormenta eléctrica en la costa.
There is a lightning storm on the coast.
Mañana estará nublado y habrá mucho viento.
Tomorrow it will be cloudy and there will be a lot of wind.
Using ‘estar’ to describe current weather conditions
In Spanish, we use the verb ‘estar’ to describe or explain what the current weather conditions are at the moment of speaking. Okay, let me rephrase it like a human being. So if I was to tell you how the weather is today or how it has been this past month, I’ll use ‘estar’.
So, depending on the elements that we want to use, we get to choose between two structures.
[‘Estar’ conjugated] + [verb in gerund] + (adj) + (noun)
Hoy está haciendo mucho calor.
Today it’s very hot.
Ayer estuvo lloviendo todo el día.
Yesterday, it was raining all day.
La semana que viene estará nevando muy fuerte.
Next week, it will be snowing very hard.
If instead of a verb in gerund you want to use an adjective, you can use the following structure:
[‘Estar’ conjugated] + (adv) + [adjective]
Ha estado muy nublado toda la semana.
It’s been really cloudy all week.
El clima está muy agradable hoy.
The weather is very nice today.
El día está fresco y con poco sol.
Today is fresh and a bit sunny.
Use weather-related verbs
As you can imagine, another common way that you can use to describe or explain the weather in Spanish is by using weather-related verbs. Depending on the time markers that you use, these verbs allow you to describe the usual and temporary weather conditions.
En verano, llueve mucho.
During summer, it rains a lot.
La semana pasada, nevó en las montañas.
Last week, it snowed in the mountains.
Llévate un paraguas porque ya se nubló.
Take an umbrella because it got cloudy.
Vocabulary: Words & Weather Expressions
Here is a list of popular expressions and vocabulary that you can use to describe or talk about the weather:
|Llover a cántaros||Raining cats and dogs|
|Hacer buen tiempo||To have nice weather|
|Hacer mal tiempo||To have bad weather|
|Hacer un calor de los mil demonios||To be hot as hell|
|Hacer un frío que pela||To be freezing cold|
|Hacer frío||To be cold|
|Hacer calor||To be hot|
In addition to these expressions, you can also use the following nouns and adjectives. I’ve added a column so you can see with which verb each word should be used.
|Templado||Warm||Ser / Estar|
|Caluroso||Hot / Warm||Ser|
|Lluvioso||Rainy||Ser / Estar|
|Fresco||Fresh||Hacer / Estar|
|Seco||Dry||Ser / Estar|
How to talk about weather in the past in Spanish
In order to talk about the weather in the past in Spanish, you simply need to conjugate the verb that you are using to preterite, imperfect, or any required past tense. Just like any other Spanish verb, verbs that describe the weather can be conjugated to any tense.
Many of my students thought that describing the weather in other tenses rather than the present is very difficult. In reality, this is simpler than you think since you only need to make sure that the verb is conjugated to any tense that you need.
So, as long as you know how to conjugate your verb, you shouldn’t have any issues. Check these examples below:
Hoy está haciendo muchísimo calor.
Today it’s super hot.
Esta mañana hay mucha niebla.
This morning there’s a lot of fog.
Ayer hizo muchísimo calor.
Yesterday, it was very hot.
La semana pasada hubo mucha niebla.
Last week, there was a lot of fog.
Mañana hará mucho calor.
Tomorrow, it will be very hot.
Vi que el sábado habrá mucha niebla.
I saw that on Saturday there will be a lot of fog.
Take Note: When talking about weather forecasting, we either use the verb ‘esperar’ (to expect) or ‘pronosticar’ (to forecast).
Being able to talk about the weather in Spanish not only can be an icebreaker topic (for people like me), but it’s also a great opportunity to practice some common (and sometimes kind of confusing) verbs and grammatical structures.
Since we cover a lot of ground, here are some key points that you should keep in mind:
- Ser describes or asks how the weather usually is during a season or in a certain place.
- Hace works with certain nouns to describe or ask about weather conditions and temperatures.
- Estar describes or asks the weather conditions at the moment of speaking.
- Both ‘ser’ and ‘estar’ work with adjectives.
- All of these verbs can be conjugated to any tense to describe the weather at a specific moment in time.
Hopefully, now you’ve become familiar with the weather in Spanish. Now, you have an ace up your sleeve if you don’t have a conversation topic with someone 😉
Difference Between ‘Calor’ and ‘Caliente’: Although both words mean ‘hot’, calor and caliente in Spanish are used in different contexts. Since this vocabulary is easily confused, you should make sure to understand when and how to use each one of these words.
Hacer Conjugations, Meanings & Uses: Hace comes from the verb ‘hacer’ and it’s used to talk about the weather. However, hacer is a popular verb that can have different meanings depending on how it’s being used. In this article, you’ll learn how to conjugate this verb and when to apply it.