Cocinar in Spanish: Conjugations, Meanings & Uses


In this short guide, we will cover the following topics for ‘cocinar’ in Spanish:

  1. What does ‘Cocinar’ mean?
  2. ‘Cocinar’ Conjugations
  3. How to Use ‘Cocinar’ in Spanish
  4. Expressions & Idioms with ‘Cocinar’
  5. Synonyms of ‘Cocinar’ in Spanish

What does ‘Cocinar’ mean?

Definition – In Spanish, ‘cocinar’ means ‘to cook‘ or ‘to prepare food‘. As a result, we use this verb to describe that a person is cooking or preparing a meal.

‘Cocinar’ Conjugations 

In Spanish, cocinar is a regular verb. So, in order to conjugate it, you’ll remove the -AR ending and add the appropriate endings to the stem ‘cocin’. Notice that the future and conditional tenses are conjugated by using the whole verb in its infinitive form rather than the stem. 

Indicative

Present tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococinoI cook
cocinasYou cook
Él / Ella / UstedcocinaHe/She cook
NosotroscocinamosWe cook
VosotroscocináisYou cook
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinanThey/You cook

Preterite tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococinéI cooked
cocinasteYou cooked
Él / Ella / UstedcocinóHe/She cooked
NosotroscocinamosWe cooked
VosotroscocinasteisYou cooked
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinaronThey/You cooked

Imperfect tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococinabaI cooked
cocinabasYou cooked
Él / Ella / UstedcocinabaHe/She cooked
NosotroscocinábamosWe cooked
VosotroscocinabaisYou cooked
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinabanThey/You cooked

Future tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococinaréI will cook
cocinarásYou will cook
Él / Ella / UstedcocinaráHe/She will cook
NosotroscocinaremosWe will cook
VosotroscocinaréisYou will cook
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinaránThey/You will cook

Conditional tense conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococinaríaI would cook
cocinaríasYou would cook
Él / Ella / UstedcocinaríaHe/She would cook
NosotroscocinaríamosWe would cook
VosotroscocinaríaisYou would cook
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinaríanThey/You would cook

Progressive Tenses

graphic showing how to conjugate cocinar in present progressive tenses in spanish

Cuando me fui, mi mamá todavía estaba cocinando. 
When I left, my mom was still cooking. 

Si no te ayudamos, estarás cocinando por horas. 
If we don’t help you, you will be cooking for hours. 

Perfect Tenses

graphic showing how to conjugate cocinar in perfect tenses in spanish

Nunca hemos cocinado lasaña. 
We have never cooked lasagna. 

Oye, pensé que ya habías cocinado el pollo. 
Hey, I thought that you had already cooked the chicken. 

Cocinar Subjunctive Conjugations

Present subjunctive conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
YococineTo cook
cocinesTo cook
Él / Ella / UstedcocineTo cook
NosotroscocinemosTo cook
VosotroscocinéisTo cook
Ustedes / Ellos / EllascocinenTo cook

Imperfect subjunctive conjugations

PersonConjugationTranslation
Yococinara / cocinase I cooked
cocinaras / cocinasesYou cooked
Él / Ella / Ustedcocinara / cocinaseHe/She cooked
Nosotroscocináramos / cocinásemosWe cooked
Vosotroscocinaras / cocinaseisYou cooked
Ustedes / Ellos / Ellascocinaran / cocinasenThey/You cooked

Perfect subjunctive

graphic showing how to conjugate cocinar in spanish subjunctive perfect

Imperative

Imperative conjugation

PersonConjugationTranslation
cocinaCook
NosotroscocinemosWe cooked
VosotroscocinadYou cooked
UstedescocinenThey/You cooked

[‘Cocinar conjugated’] + [complement]

Cocinen para ustedes, nosotros saldremos.
Cook for yourselves, we’ll go out.

Molly, cocina estas verduras en el horno. 
Molly, cook these vegetables in the oven. 

If you notice, to give negative commands you need to conjugate ‘cocinar’ to the present subjunctive. To make your sentence negative, remember to add No. 

No + [‘cocinar’ negative subjunctive] + [complement]

No cocines el sábado, iremos a comer a un restaurante.
Do not cook on Saturday, we’ll go to a restaurant for lunch.

Chavas, no cocinen la carne todavía. 
Girls, don’t cook the meat just yet. 

How to Use ‘Cocinar’ in Spanish with Examples

In Spanish, ‘cocinar’ is mainly used to talk about cooking or preparing food. Below is a clear definition that will help you understand this verb. Read the examples carefully and learn how to use it in your conversations.

Talking about cooking or preparing food

As the direct translation of ‘to cook’, we use cocinar to describe the process of cooking and preparing food so we’re able to eat it. Below are some examples that show you the elements that you need to build your own sentences.

Notice that if you want to talk about the thing that you’re cooking, you can use a noun. Additionally, you can use the following expressions to describe the the cooking method that you’re using:

  • A fuego lento – on a slow burn
  • Al vapor – stem
  • A la plancha – on the grill

[‘Cocinar’ conjugated] + [complement]

Hoy cocinaremos pollo para la comida.
Today we will cook chicken for lunch.

Cocina los frijoles a fuego lento. 
Cook the beans on a low flame. 

¿Quieres que cocinemos pescado para tu cumpleaños?
Do you want us to cook fish for your birthday?

Antes cocinaba diario, recientemente he comprado comida preparada.
I used to cook every day, but recently I have been buying prepared food.

Take Note: When talking about cooking, the preposition ‘a’ can be used to talk about the cooking technique or method that you’re using. For example, a las brasas (on the coals), a la parrilla (on the grill), etc.  

Cocinar Expressions & Idioms

Here are some expressions that are popular in Spanish that use ‘cocinar’ and that could help you improve your conversations. 

Cocinar algo: This expression means that someone is plotting or devising something against another person. It can be translated as ‘to plot or ‘to hatch’. 

Meterse hasta la cocina: In sports, this informal expression is used to say that a player has scored easily without being stopped by the other players. In this case it’s translated as ‘to slice or burst through the defense’. It can also be used to describe that a person sticks his or her nose into another person’s business. It can be translated as ‘to meddle’ or ‘to sick your nose’.

Synonyms of ‘Cocinar’ in Spanish

Hornear: Although it’s usually translated as ‘to bake’, ‘hornear’ is used to talk about baking and cooking food in the oven. 

Preparar: When talking about combining ingredients and preparing food, we can use this verb which is the direct translation of ‘to prepare’.

Cocer: In Spanish, ‘cocer’ can be used instead of ‘cocinar’ when talking about boiling or cooking meat or vegetables. It can be translated as ‘to cook, or ‘to bake’.

Guisar: If we are talking about the cooking ingredients in a sauce or broth, we can use this verb ‘guisar’ instead of ‘cocinar’. This verb is translated as ‘to stew’.

Related Resource:
130+ Kitchen Words & Verbs in Spanish | Vocabulary Guide

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I’ve taught Spanish in Mexico to a wide array of foreigners. From students and tourists to doctors and soldiers who’ve moved and visited here over the years. During the day I’m a freelancer and marketer, while at night I’m here writing for students of the world wide web looking to learn Spanish. I hope you find what you’re looking here during your journey into Español 🙂 Read More About Me

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