Comer Conjugation 101: Conjugate Comer In Spanish

As a regular verb, comer conjugation patterns can help you practice and learn how to conjugate -ER verbs in Spanish. Since this is also a basic verb for daily conversations, in this guide, we’ll go over: 

Overview of Comer

Verb CharacteristicProperty
Verb Type-ER
IrregularNo
InfinitiveComer
Gerund (Present Participle) FormComiendo
Past Participle FormComido
SynonymsDesayunar.

Indicative Conjugations of Comer

Present tense

Comer’s conjugation in the present tense is used to talk about what or when people habitually eat. For example: Yo no como mariscos.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComoI eat
ComesYou eat
Él / Ella
Usted
ComeHe/She eats 
You (formal) eat
NosotrosComemosWe eat
VosotrosComéisYou eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComenThey eat
You (plural) eat

Preterite tense

Comer preterite conjugations are regular. Use the preterite tense to express that a person ate something at a specific moment in the past. For instance: ¿Qué comieron ayer? 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComíI ate
ComisteYou ate
Él / Ella
Usted
ComióHe/She ate
You (formal) ate
NosotrosComimosWe ate
VosotrosComisteisYou ate
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComieronThey ate
You (plural) ate

Imperfect tense

Use comer imperfect conjugations to talk about what or when people used to eat something. You can include adverbs of manner to describe how someone ate. For example: Cuando era niño, mi hermano comía muy mal. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComíaI ate
I used to eat
ComíasYou ate
You used to eat
Él / Ella
Usted
ComíaHe/She ate
He/She used to eat

You (formal) ate
You (formal) used to eat
NosotrosComíamosWe ate
We used to eat
VosotrosComíaisYou ate
You used to eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComíanThey ate
They used to eat

You (plural) ate
You (plural) used to eat

Near future

The Spanish near or immediate future tense expresses that someone will eat at some point soon in the future. To form this tense, use ir in the present tense + a + comer. Here is an example: Hoy vamos a comer pollo.

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoVoy a comerI’m going to eat
Vas a comerYou’re going to eat
Él / Ella
Usted
Va a comerHe/She is going to eat
You (formal) are going to eat
NosotrosVamos a comerWe’re going to eat
VosotrosVais a comerYou’re going to eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Van a comerThey’re going to eat
You (plural) are going to eat

Future simple tense

Conjugate this verb to the future simple tense to express that a person will eat at some time in the future. For instance: ¿Qué comeremos en Navidad?

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComeréI will eat
ComerásYou will eat
Él / Ella
Usted
ComeráHe/She will eat
You (formal) will eat
NosotrosComeremosWe will eat
VosotrosComeréisYou (formal) will eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComeránThey will eat
You (plural) will eat

Conditional tense

The conditional indicative forms of this verb convey that a person would eat. If applicable to your statement, you can use si clauses to introduce the conditions that need to be fulfilled for this to happen. Nunca comería en ese lugar otra vez. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComeríaI would eat
ComeríasYou would eat
Él / Ella
Usted
ComeríaHe/She would eat
You (formal) would eat
NosotrosComeríamosWe would eat
VosotrosComeríaisYou would eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComeríanThey would eat
You (plural) would eat

Present perfect tense

Use haber present conjugations + the past participle of ‘comer’ to conjugate to the present perfect. These comer conjugations allow you to talk about what people have eaten. For example: ¿Qué es lo más extraño que han comido?

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHe comidoI have eaten
Has comidoYou have eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Ha comidoHe/She has eaten
You (formal) have eaten
NosotrosHemos comidoWe have eaten
VosotrosHabéis comidoYou have eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Han comidoThey have eaten
You (plural) have eaten

Past perfect

To say that someone had or hadn’t eaten something, conjugate this verb to the past perfect tense in Spanish. The formula to create this tense is haber in imperfect form + comido (past participle). Check this example: Gracias, no habíamos comido nada en todo el día. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabía comidoI had eaten
Habías comidoYou had eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Había comidoHe/She had eaten
You (formal) had eaten
NosotrosHabíamos comidoWe had eaten
VosotrosHabíais comidoYou had eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habían comidoThey had eaten
You (plural) had eaten

Future perfect

When conjugated to the future perfect tense, comer conveys that a person will have eaten by or before a moment in the future. For instance: No sé qué habrás comido, pero no es lo que yo comí. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabré comidoI will have eaten
Habrás comidoYou will have eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Habrá comidoHe/She will have eaten
You (formal) will have eaten
NosotrosHabremos comidoWe will have eaten
VosotrosHabréis comidoYou will have eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habrán comidoThey will have eaten
You (plural) will have eaten

Conditional perfect

Conjugate comer to the conditional perfect tense to say that someone would have eaten something. For example: Habría comido más si no hubiera estado tan llena. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHabría comidoI would have eaten
Habrías comidoYou would have eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Habría comidoHe/She would have eaten
You (formal) would have eaten
NosotrosHabríamos comidoWe would have eaten
VosotrosHabríais comidoYou would have eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Habrían comidoThey would have eaten
You (plural) would have eaten

Progressive tenses

In Spanish, the progressive tenses are formed with the conjugations of estar + present participle (comiendo for this verb). Use these comer conjugations to express that someone is eating at the moment of speaking. ¿Qué necesitas? Estamos comiendo. 

Progressive TenseFormulaTranslation Example
PresentEstar (present) + comiendoI am eating
PreteriteEstar (preterite) + comiendoYou were eating
ImperfectEstar (imperfect) + comiendoHe was eating
FutureEstar (future) + comiendoWe will be eating
ConditionalEstar (conditional) + comiendoThey would be eating

Comer Subjunctive Conjugations

In Spanish, we must use the subjunctive mood to talk about a person’s demands, suggestions, desires, suggestions, uncertainty, or hypothetical outcomes. In the following sections, we’ll review comer conjugation charts for the most important subjunctive tenses. 

Present subjunctive

Comer’s present subjunctive conjugations are applied to suggest, demand, or hope that someone eats something or in a certain way. Quiero que se coman toda la ensalada. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComaI eat
ComasYou eat
Él / Ella
Usted
ComaHe/She eats
You (formal) eat
NosotrosComamosWe eat
VosotrosComáisYou eat
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComanThey eat
You (plural) eat

Present perfect subjunctive

Haber’s present subjunctive forms + comido is how you form the present perfect subjunctive in Spanish. Use these comer conjugations to express hopes or uncertainty about whether someone has eaten something. No creo que mi hermano se haya comido tu hamburguesa. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHaya comidoI have eaten
Hayas comidoYou have eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Haya comidoHe/She has eaten
You (formal) have eaten
NosotrosHayamos comidoWe have eaten
VosotrosHayáis comidoYou have eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Hayan comidoThey have eaten
You (plural) have eaten

Imperfect subjunctive

The imperfect subjunctive conjugations of comer allow you to talk about past suggestions, expectations, advice, or demands related to someone eating. For instance: El doctor me sugirió que comiera menos azúcar. 

Castilian and Latin American Spanish use different endings for the imperfect subjunctive: 

Latin American Spanish version

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComieraI ate
ComierasYou ate
Él / Ella
Usted
ComieraHe/She ate
You (formal) ate
NosotrosComiéramosWe ate
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComieranThey ate
You (plural) ate

Note: Since the subject pronoun vosotros is not used in Latin American Spanish, the comer conjugation for this pronoun has not been included in the previous conjugation chart.

Castilian Spanish version

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoComieseI ate
ComiesesYou ate
Él / Ella
Usted
ComieseHe/She ate
You (formal) ate
NosotrosComiésemosWe ate
VosotrosComieseisYou ate
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
ComiesenThey ate
You (plural) ate

Past perfect subjunctive

Use comer’s past perfect subjunctive conjugations to say that someone would have eaten if a past circumstance had taken place. These forms can also be used to express regret for eating something or not. Si no hubiera estado aquí, ¿qué hubieran comido?

PersonConjugationTranslation
YoHubiera comidoI had eaten
Hubieras comidoYou had eaten
Él / Ella
Usted
Hubiera comidoHe/She had eaten
You (formal) had eaten
NosotrosHubiéramos comidoWe had eaten
VosotrosHubierais comidoYou had eaten
Ellos / Ellas
Ustedes
Hubieran comidoThey had eaten
You (plural) had eaten

Comer Imperative Conjugations

To give commands to someone in Spanish, use the imperative mood.

Affirmative commands

If you need to order someone to eat, you must conjugate comer to the Spanish affirmative imperative. Cómete todas tus verduras. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
ComasEat
UstedComaEat
VosotrosComedEat
UstedesComanEat

Negative commands

To order someone not to eat, use the negative command conjugations. Ya no comas más papas. 

PersonConjugationTranslation
No comasDon’t eat
UstedNo comaDon’t eat
VosotrosNo comáisDon’t eat
UstedesNo comanDon’t eat

Meanings of Comer & Examples

Now that we’ve reviewed how to conjugate comer in Spanish, we’re about to learn how to use this verb correctly. Comer is used to talking about eating. However, we use pronouns in Spanish to add some nuances to this meaning: 

[Comer conjugated] + [conjugated]

¿Era tuyo? Yo me lo comí
Was it yours? I ate it. 

Este cajero se come las tarjetas. 
This ATM eats up the cards.

No eran ni las 2 y ya habíamos comido
It wasn’t even 2, and we had already eaten

Take Note: In its non-reflexive form, comer is only used to talk about eating habits or the time someone eats. However, we use pronominal pronouns to express that someone eats something entirely or to emphasize the amount of items a person eats. In this case, you can also add direct object pronouns to replace the thing someone ate (like example #1).

Download Comer Conjugation Charts & Uses Cheat sheet

Comer is one of the most common -ER verbs used in daily conversations, so it’s a key verb for learning Spanish. I’ve created a cheat sheet PDF containing all the comer conjugation charts as well as its definition and example sentences for you to review when you need to.

Practice Quiz: Comer Conjugation

Now that you’ve learned how to conjugate this regular -ER verb, the next step is to take the comer conjugation practice quiz. You can choose any combination of moods and tenses to include in the quiz, from beginner to advanced levels.

Daniela Sanchez

¡Hola! Soy Daniela Sanchez, I’ve taught Spanish in Mexico to a wide array of foreigners. From students and tourists to doctors and soldiers who’ve moved and visited here over the years. During the day I’m a freelancer and marketer, while at night I’m here writing for students of the world wide web looking to learn Spanish. I hope you find what you’re looking here during your journey into Español 🙂 Read More About Me

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